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MLC 2006 Regulation 2.8 - Career and Skill Development and Opportunities for Seafarers’ Employment to Promote Career and Skill Development and Employment Opportunities for Seafarers

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MLC 2006 Regulation 2.8 deals with career and skill development and employment opportunities for seafarers. The MLC 2006 also supports the promotion of employment opportunities in the maritime sector. The goal of continuous or regular employment for qualified seafarers and a stable and competent work force for shipowners is addressed in these provisions

The obligation to implement is generally directed to countries with an interest in developing their seafaring workforce. A country is required to adopt national policies aimed at strengthening the competencies, qualifications and employment opportunities of seafarers domiciled in its territory.

Clear objectives must be established for vocational guidance, education and training, including ongoing training of seafarers whose duties on board ship primarily relate to safe operation and navigation.

The Convention does not specify the legal form for implementation other than requiring the adoption of policies and objectives that have been developed after consultation with shipowners’ and seafarers’ organizations.

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MLC 2006 Regulation 2.8 Career and Skill Development and Opportunities for Seafarers’ Employment (Summary)


Purpose: To promote career and skill development and employment opportunities for seafarers



  • Everyone concerned with the maritime industry has an interest in ensuring that the sector has a competent workforce.
  • You should have the opportunity to strengthen your competencies, qualifications and employment opportunities.

Title 2. Conditions of Employment

Regulation 2.8; Code Standard A2.8 and Guideline B2.8


MLC 2006 Regulation 2.8 & Code (Title 2) - Career and Skill Development and Opportunities for Seafarers’ Employment

Purpose: To promote career and skill development and employment opportunities for seafarers
  1. Each Member shall have national policies to promote employment in the maritime sector and to encourage career and skill development and greater employment opportunities for seafarers domiciled in its territory.

Standard A2.8 - Career and Skill Development and Opportunities for Seafarers’ Employment

  1. Each Member shall have national policies that encourage career and skill development and employment opportunities for seafarers, in order to provide the maritime sector with a stable and competent workforce.
  2. The aim of the policies referred to in paragraph 1 of this Standard shall be to help seafarers strengthen their competencies, qualifications and employment opportunities.
  3. Each Member shall, after consulting the shipowners’ and seafarers’ organizations concerned, establish clear objectives for the vocational guidance, education and training of seafarers whose duties on board ship primarily relate to the safe operation and navigation of the ship, including ongoing training.

Guideline B2.8 - Career and Skill Development and Opportunities for Seafarers’ Employment

Guideline B2.8.1 - Measures to Promote Career and Skill Development and Employment Opportunities for Seafarers

  1. Measures to achieve the objectives set out in Standard A2.8 might include:
    1.  agreements providing for career development and skills training with a shipowner or an organization of shipowners; or
    2. arrangements for promoting employment through the establishment and maintenance of registers or lists, by categories, of qualified seafarers; or
    3. promotion of opportunities, both on board and ashore, for further training and education of seafarers to provide for skill development and portable competencies in order to secure and retain decent work, to improve individual employment prospects and to meet the changing technology and labour market conditions of the maritime industry.

Guideline B2.8.2 - Register of Seafarers

  1. Where registers or lists govern the employment of seafarers, these registers or lists should include all occupational categories of seafarers in a manner determined by national law or practice or by collective agreement.
  2. Seafarers on such a register or list should have priority of engagement for seafaring.
  3. Seafarers on such a register or list should be required to be available for work in a manner to be determined by national law or practice or by collective agreement.
  4. To the extent that national laws or regulations permit, the number of seafarers on such registers or lists should be periodically reviewed so as to achieve levels adapted to the needs of the maritime industry.
  5. When a reduction in the number of seafarers on such a register or list becomes necessary, all appropriate measures should be taken to prevent or minimize detrimental effects on seafarers, account being taken of the economic and social situation of the country concerned.

Disclaimer: For general information purpose only - please check with ILO MLC 2006 for the latest requirements and accurate info

LAST UPDATED ON Dec 12, 2019

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