Home IMO SOLAS ISPS Code › You are here

IMO ISPS Code Section 18 - Training, Drills and Exercises Requirements for Port Facility Stakeholders, Port facility Security Officer (PFSO), and Related Shore-Based & Shipboard Personnel

isps code port security drills

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) mandated International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) is a supplement to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended (SOLAS). ISPS Code intends to provide an international framework for mandatory requirements regarding the provisions of Chapter XI-2 of SOLAS.

Conducting drills and exercises to test the port facility security plans is vital and mandatory. The ISPS-code states that it is the obligation of the certified ports, ships, and terminals to train their staff through drills and exercises. Under the provisions of the ISPS Code Part A, Sections 18, Port Facilities are required to conduct maritime security drills at least every three months and participate in security exercises at least once a calendar year, with not more than 18 months between them.


A Drill typically focuses on at least one part of the Port Facility Security Plan (PFSP) and is a limited quarterly event aiming at the practice and test of specific procedures and features or even parts of the Port Facility. An Exercise is more far-reaching than drills and is a large-scale annual event that involves extensive training to practice various aspects of the PFSP of the Port Facility Security involving every part of the facility and all its personnel following a plausible scenario from the assessed table of threats and risks.

Participants include Port Facility Security Officer (PFSO), port facility stakeholders, and possibly, the ship and company personnel such as CSO and SSO, to name a few.

Contents:

isps code port security exercises

ISPS Code - Training, Drills and Exercises on Port Facility Security

ISPS Code Part A Section 18 - Training, Drills and Exercises on Port Facility Security

Training, Drills and Exercises on Port Facility Security Requirements




18 Training, Drills and Exercises on Port Facility Security

18.1 The port facility security officer and appropriate port facility security personnel shall have knowledge and have received training, taking into account the guidance given in part B of this Code.

18.2 Port facility personnel having specific security duties shall understand their duties and responsibilities for port facility security, as described in the port facility security plan and shall have sufficient knowledge and ability to perform their assigned duties, taking into account the guidance given in part B of this Code.

18.3 To ensure the effective implementation of the port facility security plan, drills shall be carried out at appropriate intervals taking into account the types of operation of the port facility, port facility personnel changes, the type of ship the port facility is serving and other relevant circumstances, taking into account guidance given in part B of this Code.

18.4 The port facility security officer shall ensure the effective coordination and implementation of the port facility security plan by participating in exercises at appropriate intervals, taking into account the guidance given in part B of this Code.

ISPS Code Part B Section 18 - Training, Drills and Exercises on Port Facility Security

Guidance regarding Training, Drills and Exercises on Port Facility Security

18 Training, Drills and Exercises on Port Facility Security

Training

18. 1 The Port Facility Security Officer should have knowledge and receive training, in some or all of the following, as appropriate:

.1 security administration;

.2 relevant international conventions, codes and recommendations;

.3 relevant Government legislation and regulations;

.4 responsibilities and functions of other security organizations;

.5 methodology of port facility security assessment;

.6 methods of ship and port facility security surveys and inspections;

.7 ship and port operations and conditions;

.8 ship and port facility security measures;

.9 emergency preparedness and response and contingency planning;

.10 instruction techniques for security training and education, including security measures and procedures;

 .11 handling sensitive security related information and security related communications;

.12 knowledge of current security threats and patterns;

.13 recognition and detection of weapons, dangerous substances and devices;

.14 recognition, on a non-discriminatory basis, of characteristics and behavioural patterns of persons who are likely to threaten the security;

.15 techniques used to circumvent security measures;

.16 security equipment and systems, and their operational limitations;

.17 methods of conducting audits, inspection, control and monitoring;

.18 methods of physical searches and non-intrusive inspections;

.19 security drills and exercises, including drills and exercises with ships; and

.20 assessment of security drills and exercises.

18.2 Port facility personnel having specific security duties should have knowledge and receive training, in some or all of the following, as appropriate:

.1 knowledge of current security threats and patterns;

.2 recognition and detection of weapons, dangerous substances and devices;

.3 recognition of characteristics and behavioural patterns of persons who are likely to threaten security;

.4 techniques used to circumvent security measures;

.5 crowd management and control techniques;

.6 security related communications;

.7 operations of security equipment and systems;

.8 testing, calibration and maintenance of security equipment and systems;

.9 inspection, control, and monitoring techniques; and

.10 methods of physical searches of persons, personal effects, baggage, cargo, and ship’s stores.

18.3 All other port facility personnel should have knowledge of and be familiar with relevant provisions of the PFSP, in some or all of the following, as appropriate:

.1 the meaning and the consequential requirements of the different security levels;

.2 recognition and detection of weapons, dangerous substances and devices;

 .3 recognition of characteristics and behavioural patterns of persons who are likely to threaten the security; and

.4 techniques used to circumvent security measures.

Drills and exercises

18.4 The objective of drills and exercises is to ensure that port facility personnel are proficient in all assigned security duties, at all security levels, and to identify any security related deficiencies, which need to be addressed.

18.5 To ensure the effective implementation of the provisions of the port facility security plan, drills should be conducted at least every three months unless the specific circumstances dictate otherwise. These drills should test individual elements of the plan such as those security threats listed in paragraph 15.11.

18.6 Various types of exercises which may include participation of port facility security officers, in conjunction with relevant authorities of Contracting Governments, company security officers, or ship security officers, if available, should be carried out at least once each calendar year with no more than 18 months between the exercises. Requests for the participation of company security officers or ships security officers in joint exercises should be made bearing in mind the security and work implications for the ship. These exercises should test communication, coordination, resource availability and response. These exercises may be:

.1 full scale or live;

.2 tabletop simulation or seminar; or

.3 combined with other exercises held such as emergency response or other port State authority exercises.

Disclaimer: For general information purpose only - please check IMO ISPS Code - SOLAS Convention for the latest requirements and accurate info

Port Facility Security Officer Online Training

Transport Canada Approved PFSO Training Online

The Virtual Maritime Academy (VMA) online course give the essential education and training to get certified as a Port Facility Security Officer and meets the requirements set out in the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code. Read more..

LAST UPDATED ON Jul 16, 2022