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Offshore Crane Operator (OCO) Stage 1 (Introductory) Training Program for Theoretical And Practical Knowledge of Offshore Crane Operations

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The Offshore Crane Operator (OCO) Stage 1 (Introductory) Training Program is intended for individuals that have little or no crane operating experience and wish to gain theoretical and practical knowledge of offshore crane operations. The aim of the Offshore Crane Operator Stage 1 (Introductory) Training Program is to provide the learner, who has little or no previous knowledge or experience in crane operations, with the basic knowledge and practical ability required of an Offshore Crane Operator.

Offshore Crane Operator (OCO) training program provides introductory training for individuals that have little or no crane operating experience. Learners successfully completing the Introductory Training Program will award an OPITO Stage 1 Offshore Crane Operator Introductory Training certificate and this entitles the learner to progress to OCO Stage 2 Training followed by supervised OCO Stage 2 workplace experience.


This training program does not deem the successful learner competent to operate offshore cranes unsupervised. The OCO Stage 1 Training certificate has no expiry but learners wishing to progress to Stage 2 must undertake OCO Stage 2 Training within twelve months otherwise they will be required to repeat OCO Stage 1 Training.

  • Duration of Stage 1: Approx. 40 hours (5 days)
  • Validity: No expiry
  • Pre-requisites: None for stage 1

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OPITO OCO Stage 1 Training




Introduction to Offshore Crane Operations

The Roles and Responsibilities of an Offshore Lifting Operations Team

  • Training instructors explains the roles and responsibilities of personnel a typical offshore lifting operations team

The Principles of Offshore Crane Operations

  • Basic crane operations terminology, to include luffing/jibbing, hoisting, and slewing
  • Main crane components; their location on a crane and their principal function(s)
  • Typical crane inspection criteria, pre-start checks, pre-operational checks, running checks, shutdown procedure, and the recording of same
  • Basic crane principles of stability and configurations
  • Crane safety devices, to include boom, hoist, and slew limiting systems
  • Crane safe working loads (SWL) and how SWL is identified
  • Crane operating principles, to include load charts
  • Regionally-recognized banksman hand signals
  • Radio-communication protocols and procedures for controlling crane operations
  • The purpose of crane rated capacity indicators (RCIs) and how to interpret RCI data.
  • Basic visual inspection of the condition and spooling of a crane wire rope. Learners to be shown examples of wire ropes in the training room or on an actual crane
  • How conflicting activities may affect the lifting operations, to include: proximity and deck hazards
  • Environmental conditions liable to affect the lifting operation - adverse weather, sea state, visibility and temperature extremes
  • Safe lifting principles, to include: planning, centering the hook, knowing the load weight and load path, load path hazard identification and good lifting operation communications
  • Crane operating techniques, to include: slew/swing control, height judgement and crane controls coordination

Offshore Crane Operations

  • Legislation, Regulations, and Safe Systems of Work
  • Legislative requirements and documentation relevant to offshore crane operations
  • Key components of Safe Systems of Work (SSOW) and typical documents such as permits, procedures and tool box talk records
  • Typical hazards associated with offshore crane operations
  • Pre-use inspection of offshore cranes, to include typical inspection criteria
  • The primary methods of crane operations communications

Preparation for A Crane Lifting Operation

  • Planning the lifting operation
  • The purpose of risk assessing the lifting operation and key elements of a lifting operation risk assessment
  • The key elements of and importance of participating in the toolbox talk (TBT)
  • How to ensure that all associated personnel are aware of and understand their duties and responsibilities for the lifting operation
  • Typical unsafe areas and positions of personnel involved in crane lifting operations
  • Crane load laydown area suitability checks
  • Establishing normal and emergency crane access and egress for the crane operator

Conducting Crane Lifting Operations

*C - Crane S - Simulator

  • Pre-start and pre-operational checks (C & S)
  • Operation of the crane unladen (no load on the hook) to gain familiarization and confidence of the crane controls and functions (C & S)
  • Lifting, transferring, and placing 1 light loads (with respect to tonnage) within the working range and safe working capacity of the crane. (C & S)
  • Lifting, transferring, and placing 2 intermediate loads (with respect to tonnage) to predetermined areas - within the working range and safe working capacity of the crane (C & S)
  • Operate the crane following planned load path avoiding proximity hazards and ground hazards (C & S)
  • Application of safe operating techniques, to include: slew/swing control, height judgement, and crane controls coordination (C & S)
  • Height/distance judgment techniques (C)
  • Simultaneous operation of three control functions (Luff/jib, hoist and slew) – where crane type has capability for simultaneous control function operation (C & S)
  • Correct response to banksman’s hand signals and radio instructions (C)
  • Correctly shut down and make the crane safe following a simulated installation emergency alarm. (S)

Disclaimer: For general information purpose only - please check with OPITO for the latest and accurate information on Training Standards

Last Updated: March 24, 2021