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Tug and Ship Handling, Towing, VTS & STS Operations, Tandem Mooring, Accident Investigations and Other Maritime Training Programs in Denmark

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Located at Lyngby - Denmark, FORCE Technology is a leading technological consultancy and training company and offers consultancy and services within energy, oil and gas, the maritime sector, manufacturing, the service sector and infrastructure. FORCE Technology operated in Sweden, Norway, China, Singapore and the United Arab Emirates. It has nine areas of expertise including Energy materials & welding, Integrity management, Maritime services, Inspection & testing, Metrology, chemical analysis, environment & management systems, Sensor & NDE Innovation, Certification, SonoSteam, and, Education, training & courses.

FORCE Technology also regularly participates in a wide range of research and development projects in close cooperation with large and small companies including R&D projects within the maritime industry. It focuses on how to improve offshore safety and optimize operations, performance and energy consumption.

Education & Training

FORCE Technology has more than 25 years of experience in training and education. The maritime training is aimed at both experienced and newly graduated officers. The courses combine theoretical and practical training in the 360 degree fied-of-view simulators. The simulator exercises are designed to transform the newly acquired theoretical knowledge into practical skills. Advanced modeling techniques are also used realistic environment. All courses are approved by Danish Maritime Authority and/or DNV.

Advanced modeling techniques are also used realistic environment. The models are based on n eclectic approach where sea trials as well as data from physical model tests derived from the Force’s towing tank, wind tunnel test facilities and from numerical calculations (CFD) is applied to ensure tha the reactions of the simulated vessels replicate reality.

Training Programs

Tug Courses

  • Tug Handling Training: The participants learn best practice procedures for conducting tug operations and thereby improving safety. The three level programs is designed for tug captains and officers. Currently training is offered in, conventional single and twin propeller, Azimuth Stern Drive (ASD), Rotor tug, Voith Schneider, and Carousal tug. Level one participants learn to handle their own tug safely during transit and simple towing operations according to the pilot’s orders. At level two, the participants learn safe handling of not only their own tug but the whole towing operation. The level three course is tailor-made in order to address a specific complicated towing operation such as towmaster duties, rig moves, etc.
  • IMO960 Tug Course for Marine Pilots: The participants will receive theoretical training in the use of different types of tugs. They will also learn how to perform emergency handling in hazardous towing situations and, how to communicate with and give orders to the tugs as well as learn escort towing. The participants will carry out practical sailing exercises supporting the theoretical lessons such as Manoeuvering different types of tugs, escort towing, and handling emergencies.

Towing Operations

  • Emergency Towing Training: The objective of the course is to provide the participants with hand-on training in handling ETV’s. The lessons will provide an increased understanding of bridge management principles as well as the physical elements of handling an ETV. After completing the course, the participants will be able to, plan emergency towing operations, ensure efficiency during emergency towing operations, communicate with all relevant parties, select strategies for towing very large vessels, distributing towing forces on connecting points on board a casualty, and perform emergency towing.

Ship Handling

  • Azimuth Propulsion Ship Handling: The goal of this training is to increase safe maneuvering and navigation of vessels equipped with azimuthing propulsion. Participants obtain the necessary knowledge and skills to utilize the maneuvering abilities and limitations embedded in such systems. After the course, the participants will be able to, Perform practical maneuvering of vessels with azimuth propulsion, and, Use sea / cruise mode, harbor / maneuvering mode, backup mode, joystick strategies and failure mode.
  • IMO960 Ship Handling Course for Marine Pilots: The participants will learn the capabilities and limitations of maneuvering different types of vessels ranging from large tankers to small container feeders and from POD tankers to RoRo vessels. After completing the course, the participants will have thorough knowledge of, pivot point, fixed and variable propellers, standard rudders and high efficiency rudders, bow and stern thrusters, maneuvering strategy with PODs, constant rate of turn techniques, impact of wind and current, hydrodynamic effects, and tug operations.
  • Ship Handling: The goal is to improve safety at sea by enhancing the knowledge of maneuvering theory and training the skills in safe handling of different vessels. The participants will have thorough knowledge of, Bernoulli - pivot point - propulsion - rudders - bow and stern thrusters, constant rate of turn techniques, anchoring - wind and current, bank effect - ship-ship interaction - squat and shallow water.
  • Megaship Handling: The goal of the course is to improve the participants knowledge and maneuvering skills when handing megaship efficiently and safely in confined waters. The program uses full-mission simulators. The practical scenarios focus on port maneuvers, sailing in narrow channels, STS interaction and, squat and bank effects.

VTS Operations

  • VTS & Pilot Resource Management Training: The goal of this training is to increase safety in piloted waters with VTS (Vessel Traffic Service) coverage by improving the cooperation between the master of the ship, the pilot and the VTS operator. After the course, the participants will be able to, carry out pilot - master exchange of information and briefing, efficiently utilize bridge teamwork with VTS as part of the team, and communicate efficiently using SMCP (Standard Maritime Communication Phrases).

STS Operations

  • Training in Ship to Ship Operations: Pilots, mooring masters, captains and officers are trained in advanced ship maneuvering techniques during Ship to Ship (STS) operations. The participants will improve their ability to approach and go alongside in an STS operation with or without tug assistance. After completing the course, the participants will have thorough knowledge of, maneuvering a vessel when carrying out an STS operation, STS operation underway without tugs including ship / ship interaction, anchoring procedure, emergency response, safe securing of fenders and shift / sail with fenders, selecting fender size and amount of fenders assessing their strength and limitations, mooring arrangement and contact / agreement with the other vessel etc.

Tandem Mooring

  • FPSO Tandem Mooring: After completion of the course, captains, officers and mooring master will have knowledge of, general principles of tandem operations, pre-planning and contingency planning, communication during approach, mooring and unmooring, emergency abortion, safe watchkeeping, ship handling and maneuvering during the operations etc.

Other Programs

  • Emergency Response Management: During simulator exercises designed with the occurrence of a range of realistic emergency and crisis situations, the participants are trained in the best practices.
  • Bridge Resource Management: The training is a combination of theoretical lessons, simulator exercises and case studies, all focusing on developing the participants’ interpersonal skills. The course is targeted at both deck officers and the shore-based line managers directly involved in the operation are also advised to participate.
  • Accident Investigation: The goal of this course is to ensure that learning opportunities arising from an incident will be captured effectively and proper root causes will be identified for future prevention. After the course, the participants will be able to, use the relevant techniques in accident investigation with focus on human factors, identify underlying causes and explanatory factors, make practical recommendations for corrective actions, use practical tips to write revealing reports, and use effective interviewing techniques.
  • Human Factor Training: The training provides the participants with knowledge on why humans react when facing demanding situations and how to exploit this knowledge to improve human response in critical areas.


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